The major ethnic groups in Ghana include the Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagbane, Guan, and Ga-Adangbe. No part of Ghana, is ethnically homogeneous. Urban centers are the most ethnically mixed because of migration to towns and cities by those in search of employment. Rural areas, with the exception of cocoa-producing areas that have attracted migrant labor, tend to reflect more traditional population distributions. One overriding feature of the country's ethnic population is that groups to the south who are closer to the Atlantic coast have long been influenced by the money economy, Western education, and Christianity, whereas Gur-speakers to the north, who have been less exposed to those influences, have came under Islamic influence.
These influences were not pervasive in the respective regions, however, nor were they wholly restricted to them. The official language is ENGLISH.
Exports: $1.1 billion (f.o.b., 1992)
Commodities: cocoa 45%, gold, timber, tuna, bauxite, and aluminum
Partners: Germany 29%, UK 12%, US 12%, Japan 5%
Imports: $1.4 billion (c.i.f., 1992 est.) Commodities: petroleum 16%, consumer goods,foods,intermediate goods, capital equipment Partners: UK 23%, US 11%, Germany 10%, Japan 6%
Industries: mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum, food processing
Agriculture: Agriculture accounts for about 50% of GDP (including fishing and forestry); the major cash crop is cocoa; other principal crops - rice, coffee, cassava, peanuts, corn, shea nuts timber; normally self-sufficient in food
Economic aid: US commitments, including Ex-Im (FY70-89), $455 million; Western (non-US) countries, ODA and OOF bilateral commitments (1970-89), $2.6 billion; OPEC bilateral aid (1979-89), $78 million; Eastern European countries (1970-89), $106 million
Currency:1 cedi (C) = 100 pesewas
Minimum wage: 5,500 cedis/Day (March 2001)
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